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Table 3. Relative abundance (RA) and average percentage of coral colonies of PPMP.

From: Reef Health Assessment of Pulau Payar Marine Park during the Covid-19 Pandemic in Malaysia

No

Species name

IUCN

P1

P2

P3

P4

Mean (%)

K1

K2

Mean (%)

L1

L2

Mean (%)

S1

S2

S3

Mean (%)

 

Scleractinian corals

                
 

Family: Acroporidae

                

1

Acropora divaricate

NT

           

**

  

0.22

2

Acropora grandis

LC

***

**

***

 

1.06

*****

 

16.91

 

***

1.00

  

***

1.01

3

Acropora muricata

NT

   

****

2.83

          

4

Astreopora gracilis

LC

***

   

0.50

          

5

Montipora aequituberculata

LC

         

***

1.00

    

6

Montipora hispida

LC

 

***

***

 

1.54

 

***

0.75

       

7

Montipora verrucose

LC

  

***

 

0.75

      

**

  

0.17

 

Family: Agariciidae

                

8

Pavona decussata

VU

 

***

**

***

1.46

**

***

1.36

 

***

1.00

 

**

**

0.67

9

Pavona explanulata

LC

   

**

0.13

      

***

  

0.44

 

Family: Dendrophyllidae

                

10

Duncanopsammia peltata

VU

     

**

 

0.33

       

11

Tubastraea aurea

NE

 

**

  

0.13

 

***

0.70

   

***

***

***

3.55

12

Tubastraea micranthus

NE

         

***

0.99

***

**

***

1.60

13

Turbinaria mesenterina

VU

      

****

5.58

 

***

1.84

***

  

0.67

14

Turbinaria reniformis

VU

 

***

 

***

1.83

 

**

0.50

       
 

Family: Diploastraeidae

                

15

Diploastrea heliopora

NT

 

***

**

 

1.29

 

***

1.45

 

****

7.66

***

***

**

2.55

 

Euphyllidae

                

16

Euphyllia glabrescens

NT

   

**

0.25

          

17

Galaxea fascicularis

NT

***

**

***

 

1.38

 

**

0.50

       
 

Family: Fungiidae

                

18

Lithophyllon repanda

LC

         

***

1.00

    

19

Podabacia crustacea

LC

      

***

0.78

    

***

 

0.67

20

Podabacia lankaensis

NE

 

***

 

**

0.63

      

***

***

***

5.82

 

Family: Leptastreidae

                

21

Leptastrea purpurea

LC

 

***

 

**

1.93

 

***

2.88

***

 

1.00

  

***

0.67

22

Leptastrea transversa

LC

***

 

****

 

4.04

 

***

1.00

   

***

***

***

2.93

 

Family: Lobophylliidae

                

23

Echinophyllia aspera

LC

 

***

  

0.50

          

24

Lobophyllia agaricia

LC

      

***

0.78

       

25

Lobophyllia radians

LC

***

   

0.29

 

***

1.08

 

**

0.50

  

**

0.22

26

Lobophyllia recta

LC

 

***

  

1.55

**

 

0.50

    

***

***

1.89

 

Family: Merulinidae

                

27

Cyphastrea chalcidicum

LC

 

***

***

***

3.49

        

**

0.22

28

Dipsastraea favus

LC

**

***

***

***

3.77

****

***

10.13

***

***

5.99

  

**

0.17

29

Echinopora lamellosa

LC

***

   

1.00

          

30

Favites pentagona

LC

 

***

***

***

1.46

***

 

1.75

**

**

0.83

    

31

Goniastrea pectinata

LC

 

***

***

**

1.08

      

**

 

**

0.44

32

Hydnophora exesa

NT

     

**

 

0.34

   

**

 

***

1.00

33

Hydnophora microconos

NT

***

***

***

 

1.89

***

**

1.70

   

**

  

0.22

34

Merulina ampliata

LC

**

   

0.25

          

35

Mycedium elephantotus

LC

 

**

  

0.23

          

36

Platygyra daedalea

LC

   

**

0.17

          

37

Platygyra lamellina

NT

      

***

1.70

   

***

**

 

0.89

 

Family: Plerogyridae

                

38

Physogyra lichtensteini

VU

****

***

**

*****

11.99

**

****

8.12

****

***

11.66

***

***

 

1.33

 

Family: Pocilloporidae

                

39

Pocillopora damicornis

LC

***

***

***

***

3.49

**

**

0.84

 

***

1.33

***

***

****

9.97

 

Family: Poritidae

                

40

Goniopora columna

NT

  

***

***

1.13

 

***

0.83

 

***

1.00

    

41

Goniopora lobata

NT

  

**

 

0.25

        

***

0.67

42

Goniopora tenuidens

LC

     

***

 

1.50

       

43

Porites evermanni

DD

**

  

***

0.67

       

***

 

0.67

44

Porites lichen

LC

 

***

  

1.91

 

***

3.81

   

**

***

 

2.00

45

Porites lobata

NT

*****

   

5.67

       

***

 

1.22

46

Porites lutea

LC

*****

****

****

****

18.63

****

***

11.34

***

*****

16.86

***

***

***

4.42

47

Porites rus

LC

***

 

***

**

1.09

          
 

Family: Pachyseridae

                

48

Pachyseris rugosa

VU

     

***

 

1.00

       
 

Family: Psammocoridae

                

49

Psammocora nierstraszi

LC

 

**

  

0.25

**

 

0.34

       
 

No. of Sighted Species

 

15

22

18

18

37

14

20

28

5

14

14

17

15

17

28

 

 

                
 

Non-scleractinian corals

                

50

Dendronephthya

NE

 

***

  

0.63

      

*****

  

15.37

51

Discosoma

NE

         

***

1.00

    

52

Junceella

NE

           

***

  

0.67

53

Briareum (Pachyclavularia)

NE

  

***

 

1.59

          

54

Palythoa

NE

  

***

 

1.25

***

***

4.41

 

***

1.00

    

55

Rhodactis

NE

**

****

**

**

5.75

 

****

5.09

 

***

1.34

***

*****

*****

17.69

56

Zoanthus

NE

  

**

**

0.38

          
 

No. of Sighted Genera

 

1

2

4

2

5

1

2

2

0

3

3

3

1

1

3

Notes: “ ” Not recorded, “*” rare, “**” uncommon, “***” common, “****” abundant, “*****” dominant.

IUCN Red List Status: VU = Vulnerable; NT = Near Threatened; LC = Least Concern; DD = Data Deficient; NE = Not Evaluated.